# ACADEMICS

## Grade 6

To encourage a lifelong love of learning, the ability to think independently, and the desire to develop high, achievable goals for success. To become confident, compassionate, and contributing members of society.

## Grade 7

It is the goal of seventh grade teachers to guide students towards greater independence and increased responsibility for their learning.

## Grade 8

As eighth grade teachers we are dedicated to the promotion of students as responsible, productive, and invested citizens who contribute to their local and global community by:

- demonstrating greater independence and more investment in their learning
- monitoring their own progress
- self advocating
- taking responsibility for their education
- showing initiative for learning
- respecting themselves and others
- working collaboratively and cooperatively
- understanding themselves as learners and as people.

We recognize that our students are young adults, and we work toward preparing them for the responsibilities of high school and beyond.

#### INTEGRATED LANGUAGE ARTS (ILA)

## GRADE 6

Two periods per day are devoted to the integrated teaching of reading and writing (ILA). Students read, write, view and respond to a variety of texts and videos to construct meaning. Emphasis is placed on writing and speaking English correctly in order to communicate clearly and appropriately. These skills are evaluated through written output and oral and visual presentations.

## GRADE 7

The primary goal is to develop critical, creative, and reflective thinkers through integrated language arts experiences and to encourage students to be active learners who accept both the challenge and responsibility for their own learning.

## GRADE 8

The curriculum implements Common Core State Standards to develop independent and literate learners. Classes are devoted to the instruction of reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language skills through a variety of content area texts, themes, and multi-media sources. The primary goal is to foster an environment that cultivates critical evaluators of the world. By exposing students to complex literature and informational texts, they will have opportunities to further develop critical and analytical skills in order to identify an author’s purpose, recognize the central idea or theme, and examine an author’s craft. Reading classes will focus on close readings of complex texts in order to answer text-dependent questions that require inferencing, justifying claims, and elaboration of evidence. Through the development of such skills, students will be able to apply understandings of various texts to the world at large.

Additionally, the curriculum provides writing experiences in narrative, explanatory/informative, and argumentative modes for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences, while honing research skills. All written work taken through the writing process will demonstrate a command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage as outlined in the Common Core. Through all units, students will acquire vocabulary through various means including the study of prefixes, suffixes, and roots. Moreover, students will have opportunities to present their knowledge and ideas for various purposes in an organized and effective manner. Students will understand the process of preparing a presentation, which includes research and synthesis of multiple resources in order to clearly communicate their findings to their peers. Ultimately, the cultivation of these skills will contribute to the students’ ability to effectively articulate their claims and ideas.

By the end of eighth grade, students will have built the necessary skills to be lifelong readers, writers, and communicators and have gained an ongoing appreciation for literacy.

#### MATH

## GRADE 6

**Number System**– operations with whole numbers, decimals, fractions and integers; greatest common factor and lowest common multiple; place value; estimation and rounding; problem solving and reasoning; exponents and order of operations.**Ratios and Proportions**– writing ratios; finding equal ratios; solving proportions; using scale drawings in real-world scenarios; problem solving and reasoning.**Geometry**- basic geometric concepts and shapes; three-dimensional figures; perimeter, formulas for area, surface area and volume; circles; the coordinate plane; real-world connections; problem-solving and reasoning.**Algebra**– reading and writing algebraic expressions; writing and solving algebraic equations; function tables; real-world scenarios; problem-solving and reasoning.**Statistics and Probability**– collecting, organizing and interpreting data; calculating mean, median, mode, and range; interpreting and creating graphs including stem-and-leaf, dot plot, line plot, box-and-whisker plot, bar, line and circle graphs; recognizing and interpreting misleading graphs; basic sampling (random versus biased); problem-solving and reasoning.**Math Review**– daily practice of previous and future mathematical concepts to encourage justification and reasoning behind students’ answers. Students’ self-reflections identify and interpret mistakes.

## GRADE 7

**Number Systems**– operations with rational numbers (positive and negative integers, decimals, and fractions); problem solving and order of operations with rational numbers; equivalent representations of a number; comparing quantities.**Ratios and Proportional Relationships**– analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems; represent ratios in multiple ways; determine if two quantities are in a proportional relationship; identify the constant of proportionality from tables, graphs, and equations; use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems involving simple interest, tax, discounts, gratuities and commissions, fees, and percent of change.**Geometry**- identify and draw geometric shapes with given conditions; know the formulas for the area and circumference of a circle and use them to solve problems; use facts about supplementary, complementary, vertical, and adjacent angles to solve for an unknown angle in a figure; solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, volume and surface area of two- and three-dimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms.**Expressions and Equations**– combine like terms to simplify algebraic expressions; write and solve algebraic equations**Statistics and Probability**– collect, organize and interpret data; calculate measures of central tendency; construct an accurate circle graph using a compass and a protractor; use data from a random sample to draw inferences about a population; calculate the probability of simple and compound events.**Performance Tasks**– all seventh grade students will complete two performance tasks, in which they will apply their knowledge to real-world scenarios

## GRADE 8

**Foundations for Algebra**- Evaluate and simplify expressions, identify & apply properties of the real number system, evaluate using order of operations, calculate percents.**Equations**- Apply inverse operations to solve equations containing variables, write equations to represent situations, simplify equations before solving.**Inequalities***- Use properties of inequalities, solve linear inequalities by using inverse operations (including compound inequalities and inequalities with variables on both sides of the equation).**Introduction to Functions**- Identify and apply relationships between variables, determine whether a relation is a function, graph functions, write functions to represent graphs/tables.**Linear Functions**- Write and graph linear functions, identify and interpret the components of linear graphs including x-intercept, y-intercept, and slope, use a trend line to make predictions.**Systems of Equations and Inequalities***- Find a solution that satisfies two linear equations, find a solution that satisfies two linear inequalities, graph one or more linear inequalities on a coordinate plane.**Exponents and Radicals**- Apply properties of exponents, simplify radical expressions, calculate the distance between two points in the coordinate plane, calculate the coordinates of the midpoint of a segment given the coordinates of its endpoints, calculate the coordinates of the endpoint of a segment given the coordinates of its midpoint and other endpoint, find the missing side of a right triangle.**Polynomials***- Operations with polynomials (addition, subtraction, multiplication and factoring).**Quadratic Functions and Equations***- Solve quadratic equations using various methods, determine number of solutions using the discriminant, find the vertex, graph parabolas using properties of quadratic functions.**Geometry**- Classify transformations, construct transformations, calculate volume of figures.**Probability and Statistics**- Calculate measures of central tendency, calculate simple and compound probability, differentiate between simple & compound probability, draw conclusions based on data, analyze tables, charts and graphs.**Degree of coverage depends upon math level.*

#### SCIENCE

## GRADE 6

The goal is to develop students who are observant and responsible in an increasingly complex world. Throughout the year, students will engage in scientific inquiry and thinking to make sense of the world around them. Performance tasks will allow students to foster creativity and increase perseverance in planning and problem-solving. Students will also develop scientific literacy, numeracy and technology skills in science classrooms.

## GRADE 7

The goal of seventh grade science is to enhance student's scientific literacy and to develop the essential inquiry skills needed to investigate complex problems. Throughout the year, students will integrate quantitative and technical text to analyze and apply content in the classroom. Seventh grade students will further develop inquiry skills by constructing and interpreting data tables and graphs. This will allow students to make evidence-based claims using data and text to support their conclusions.

## GRADE 8

The goal of eighth grade science is to develop students who can apply their understanding of scientific literacy to real world events and issues and to prepare students for the rigor and responsibility of high school science classes. Throughout the year students will refine their scientific literacy through formal investigations and research projects, investigate science's interaction with society through the fields of technology and engineering, and cultivate the cooperation and communication skills needed in all scientific fields.

#### WORLD REGIONS & US HISTORY

## GRADE 6

Our goal is to give each student the opportunity, independently and collaboratively, to grow as global learners through the introduction and exploration of influential regions in the world today. Through use of the course textbook, technology, and various non-fiction texts, students will explore three major regions: North Africa, Western Europe, and East Asia. Each unit of study will consist of the following:

- An overview of the region’s geography
- The impact of geography on the development of civilization
- The ancient civilization’s contributions and influences found in modern society
- A closer examination of the 21st-century countries found in the region today and their impact globally
- A cross-curricular activity that incorporates technology-based learning, research, and presentation skills
- A common assessment

## GRADE 7

The goal of the 7th grade World Regions curriculum is to foster student exploration of the connection between geography and culture. A central focus of the course will be to examine the key components that are shared by all cultures including the Middle East and Ancient Mesopotamia, the Indian Subcontinent, Sub-Saharan Africa, and the Pre-Columbian Civilizations. To assist our students in reaching this goal, students will be expected to:

- Engage in authentic learning experiences,
- Begin exploration of primary source documents
- Further develop non-fiction literacy skills
- Trace common themes
- Collaborate to examine multiple perspectives
- Utilize digital media to strengthen understanding

## GRADE 8

In 8th grade US History, our goal is to help students explore the history and political systems of the United States from the settlement of North America through Reconstruction. Through the development of research and presentation skills, authentic learning experiences, collaborative learning opportunities, and the use of digital media, students will have the opportunity to recognize multiple perspectives, including bias, evaluate the impact of influential figures, and analyze the connection between historical events and the United States today. In each unit of study students will:

- Analyze primary sources
- Trace common themes
- Strengthen non-fiction literacy skills
- Use and cite historical evidence to develop and support an argument
- Use various media to demonstrate their learning.

#### EXPLORATORY

## EXPLORATORY

The Exploratory Team provides a wide range of opportunities beyond the core during this unique period of transition for middle school students. Exploratory courses emphasize the development of readiness and self-discovery by actively engaging the hands and minds of students in new learning experiences. Students discover their individual passions and abilities and develop valuable life skills for personal enjoyment or future careers. Within a positive and constructive educational environment, students are encouraged to take risks and become well-rounded individuals.